Osteoarthritis is a condition that affects the bones of a person. This condition is the more common form of the degenerative arthritis condition, compared with other forms of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is quite painful when the full effect is felt by the person. The person who suffers from this degenerative condition experiences a decrease of the cartilage or synovial fluid that is supposed to be present at the blunt ends of almost every bone that connects to another. The reduction of these components will lead to some degree of pain until such time that mobility is limited or lost.
Causes Of Osteoarthritis
There are basically two main causes of osteoarthritis; these are trauma to the joints and genetics. Injury to some joints often results to the reduction of the cartilage around the ends of the bone as well as the reduction of the synovial fluids that surround it. This is quite understandable especially if the injury is severe and affects the bones and joints directly.
Genetics as a factor to osteoarthritis is something that many researchers have come up with due to the many studies that show prevalence for siblings and family members to have this commonality. Osteoarthritis is seen in many families through the generations and this fact is something that can not be denied. Aging is also another factor that researchers are looking into although many people already believe that age does matter when it comes to this condition.
Symptoms Of Osteoarthritis
The more common joints and bones affected by osteoarthritis are weight bearing bones, those found in the hips, legs, spine and feet. The joints in the hands are also subject to this degenerative bone disease and many have lost mobility due to this. The most common sign or symptom of osteoarthritis is pain. Varying degrees of pain have been associated with this bone condition and it is supposed to grow worse over time.
Deformation is also a symptom of osteoarthritis which usually affects the smaller joints such as those in the fingers and toes. These may not be painful but instead are stiff and will eventually lead to immobility.
Relief And Treatment
There is actually no cure for osteoarthritis but the pain and discomfort experienced by the individual may be alleviated through medication and drugs. The main focus is to get rid of the pain in order to offer a more mobile joint.Tramadol has been recommended for the relief of this degenerative form of arthritis since there are now some forms of this drug that has extended release features. This means that throughout the day, the medication is slowly released into the individual’s body for constant pain relief. This medication is a form of analgesic that works well and has transient side effects which are mild enough for extended use.