Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune and long-standing disease that damages the joints of the body. What cause this disease is still unknown, but it affects many tissues and organs of the body. It may greatly cause destruction in the articular cartilage and ankylosis of the joints. It also produces soreness in the lungs, pleura and pericardium. Unlike other arthritis, rheumatoid is an autoimmune disease, meaning the body’s immune system erroneously damages the tissues that it should protect. Because of this abnormality, chain reaction inside the body occurs. Inflammation of the membrane in the joint happen thus causes damages on the cartilage and other surrounding tissues.
This kind of arthritis chooses no age but typically affects people in their middle age, between 40 to 50 years of age and most common to women. It is also considered a chronic illness that can last for a long periods without having symptoms. A typical progressive disease that leads into destruction of the joint and functional disability, rheumatoid arthritis can also be considered a genetic disorder since data shows the presence of this illness in the family line. It is also believed that environment factors contribute in having arthritis such as the lifestyle of a person. Smoking tobacco is the primary suspect for the risk of having arthritis.
Regardless of the factor that causes rheumatoid arthritis its symptoms include the loss of energy and appetite, fatigue, muscle and pain in the joint, and stiffness. Nodule formation on the area near the joint is also visible. It can also damage the eye sight by contributing to the dryness of the cornea. This arthritis also causes anemia by affecting the normal balance of the white blood cell in the body. Some neurological disorder can also result from damage body tissues and inflamed ligaments in the spinal cord.
People suffering from rheumatoid arthritis are having difficulty to do their normal routine. Because of the inflamed tissues, a simple walking, standing, doing the laundry, cooking and food preparation and even using the toilet can be painful. Worst thing that can happen if you have this illness is the total incapability and loss of functionality after ten years of your diagnosis since it prevents the normal movement of the joints. Although it is not fatal itself, this arthritis causes major complications on an individual and can trigger some major diseases that results a shorter life span.
Because of the mystery behind having rheumatoid arthritis, there is no exact cure for this illness. But treatment is being applied on patients to ease the pain and reduce the joint inflammation, and to be able to prevent total destruction of the bone. Therapy involving exercises to strengthen the bone is being considered to help individuals suffering from this problem. Undergoing various laboratory test is also initiated for better understanding of the type of arthritis existing since there’s a lot of arthritis a person can suffer. The use of x-ray, MRI and ultrasound can also help in measuring the extent of damage this disease inflicts. Taking medications such as pain-relievers can also ease the pain brought by the symptoms. You can also help your bones avoid suffering from pain by practicing proper movement and doing some joint exercises. Proper body mechanics will reduce the stressful impact on your bones.Therefore, even though there is no precise cure for this illness, rheumatoid arthritis can be prevented and its symptoms can be minimized.