Pain is described as an unpleasant feeling, which has an intensity that can range from mild to agony. It has both physical and emotional factors that contribute to its presence and intensity. Due to its importance in providing care, medical providers consider it as the 5th vital sign to determine whether care is effective or needs revision and improvement.
It is a subjective sensation considered as a body defense that tells us to get away from the source or there’s something wrong. There are many classifications of pain as to their intensity, origin, part involved, length of presence, time of occurrence, and method at which it can be alleviated or whether or not it can be alleviated.
To start with, chronic pain is any pain felt for more than six months. An example of this is arthritic pain, wherein you have to administer pain relievers regularly, especially with each attack. This pain will not go away unless the source is treated or cured. Unfortunately, in the case of arthritis, the sufferer will have to live with it for life. The other kind is called acute pain. You call a certain pain acute when it lasts less than six months. A laceration is a source of acute pain and can be treated by suturing.
Localized pain is the kind which is felt at a portion of the body only. Large swelling pimples produce localized pain when touched. They are often readily treated by medication and other procedures. Systematic pain is what you feel if you ache all over. An example of this kind is severe infection that has spread all over the body or nerve problems that increase the firing of pain signals into the brain.
There’s also nociceptive pain, which arises as pain felt in the tissues. They can be described as pain felt from burns, frost bites, broken bones, sprains, having too much acid in stomach, heart attacks, and any other related pains. Non-nociceptive pain originates within the peripheral and/or central nervous system. This means that the problem here is the nerves or their functioning. They may be firing too much signals, firing at the wrong target, or structurally damaged. It is otherwise known as neuropathic pain. These are the ones present without apparent tissue damage. It is distinctly different from malingering.
These types of pain, not necessarily all, can be treated with Tramadol Hydrochloride. Nociceptive, non-nociceptivse, localized, systemic, chronic, and acute pain can be alleviated by using the drug. Its action to the mu opioid receptors and its serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibition can take on both physical and neuropathic pain. So that when it comes to neck pain, cancer pain, arthritic pain, low back pain, and nerve pain, you can always count on Tramadol.
Tramadol works for moderate to moderately severe pain. For pain going beyond moderately severe, stronger analgesics are required. The drug has potential for dependence. There is little evidence for the possibility of abuse since it is not a Scheduled drug. Side effects are milder compared to other opiates since the action of Tramadol is highly selective and its opiate receptor affinity is considerably low. Furthermore, it works in two ways wherein affinity to mu opiate receptors is just one of them.